Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s foot (tinea pedia) is a disorder caused by a fungal infection of the skin.  The infection typically begins in the area between the toes and spreads out if not treated.  An athlete’s foot infection can cause itching and burning in the affected area. The infected area can appear as cracked and flaky. 

The fungus generally responsible for an Athelete’s foot infection is in the genus Trichophyton.  The fungus thrives in a warm moist area, such as the inside of a shoe, and can be contracted from community showers or swimming pools.  The fungus generally infects the feet but can be spread to the groin (Jock itch) or other areas of the skin that are hot and moist from body heat and sweat.

Athelete’s foot can be contracted by direct or indirect contact, from person to person or person to inanimate objects that are infected. Shoes typically have the best environment for the fungus to survive.  Avoid sharing shoes and allow your shoes the opporotunity to air out and dry before wearing.

Athlete’s Foot Symptoms

Symptoms of Athletes for are numerous and can vary, but most include:

If left untreated the fungus can spread to the toe nails (onychomycosis), which can be much harder to eradicate. 

Treatment of Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s foot can be treated with a number of over the counter anti-fungal creams, sprays or powders that can be purchased at your local drug store.

Lotrim,  Micatin, Tinactin, Lamisil.

These anti-fungals should be applied directly to the affected area.  Most have an anti-itching agent that will relieve the itching and burning immediately.

If an infection is so severe that over the counter medicine’s do not alleviate the symptoms you should consulate with a physician, who can diagnose and prescribe a stronger anti-fungal treatment.

Lower Athelete’s foot infection risk by keeping your feet dry.  If you have sweaty feet, you can change socks or shoes midday.  Avoid exposing your feet to community showers, locker rooms, or swimming pools by wearing appropriate foot ware.

Sweaty Feet

Sweaty Feet

Almost everyone has experienced or knows someone who has dealt with sweaty feet, also known as hyperhidrosis. Sweaty feet is a common disorder that affects about 3 percent of the world population.  Because the feet contain over 250,000 sweat glands and can produce a half pint of sweat a day, the condition can be uncomfortable as well as embarrassing. The sweat glands can become over active for many reasons: emotions, physical activity, and heat are well known contributors to plantar hyperhidrosis.  Some foods or drugs such as nicotine and caffiene can also trigger perspiration.

Excessive foot sweating in severe cases can be socially embarrassing. Foot odor caused by bacteria that feed off the sweat produced can be offensive and embarrassing. The moisture from sweaty feet can ruin shoes and contribute to other foot disorders such as athlete’s foot, toe nail fungus and plantar warts.

So why do our feet sweat more than the rest of the skin on our body? Because usually our feet our covered with socks and shoes that inhibit evaporation and cooling of the skin. The excreted sweat can’t evaporate. In other areas of the body sweat evaporates, removing heat and cooling the skin.

What you can do about sweaty feet?

Wear appropriate foot ware. Ventilated shoes and cotton or wool socks can allow your foot to breath and wick sweat away from the skin. If possible wear a different pair of shoes, every other day, allowing them to dry out completely between wearing. Avoid synthetic socks or plastic covered shoes that can hamper foot ventilation. Avoid tennis or training shoes except when needed, these are often heavily insulated and synthetic.   Work boots with thinsulate or gortex work very well with evaporation and ventilation.

There are also antiperspirants specifically made for the foot. Make sure the foot is completely dry before applying, most recommend nightly applications.

If you have persistent sweaty feet a physician can prescribe a stronger antiperspirant or anti-cholinergic drugs to help control the disorder.