Foot and Ankle Disorders
Foot and ankle disorders will affect around 75% of American throughout their lives. Women are subjected to 4 times as many problems as men. Most people will walk over a hundred thousand miles in their lifetime. Your foot contains 26 bones and 33 joints, over 25% of the bones in the human body are in a pair of feet. During strenuous exercise such running these bones can be subjected to 3 to 4 times your body weight. Your feet also contain over 250,000 sweat glands that can secrete a half of pint of sweat a day. There are more than 200,000 nerve endings in the feet that relay tactile senses to the brain with every step a person takes.
Plantar warts also known as verrucae plantaris are painful warts that begin as little dark puncture marks on the soles of the feet. People are often unaware that they have them until they become painful. As Plantar warts grow they often become: painful, brown, enlarged, rough and scaly.
Nail fungus is one of the most common foot disorders and will affect almost half of the adult population. Onychomycosis occurs because a microscopic fungus infects the nails through a small crack or cut in the nail.
Almost everyone has experienced or knows someone who has dealt with sweaty feet, also known as hyperhidrosis. Sweaty feet is a common disorder that affects about 3 percent of the world population. Because the feet contain over 250,000 sweat glands and can produce a half pint of sweat a day, the condition can be uncomfortable as well as embarrassing. The sweat glands can become over active for many reasons: emotions, physical activity, and heat are well known contributors to plantar hyperhidrosis. Some foods or drugs such as nicotine and caffiene can also trigger perspiration.
Athlete’s foot (tinea pedia) is a disorder caused by a fungal infection of the skin. The infection typically begins in the area between the toes and spreads out if not treated. An athlete’s foot infection can cause itching and burning in the affected area. The infected area can appear as cracked and flaky.
What are heel spurs?
Heel spurs are abnormal growths that develop from the heel bone(calcaneus: the largest bone in the foot) when the plantar fascia (thick fibrous tissue running from the heel of the foot to the ball of the foot helping support the foot arch) pulls away from the heel area.
Ingrown toenail or onychocryptosis, a common disorder of the toe where the toe nail grows into the surrounding nail skin tissue. In rare cases the skin may actually grow over the toe nail, but most in most cases the toe nail grows into one or both sides the toe. This condition is often painful and can cause swelling and infections if left untreated.
One of the most common injuries to the foot or ankle is an ankle sprain. Ankle sprains occur about 800,000 times annually in the United States. Over 20,000 emergency room visits daily are due to ankle sprains from athletics or high heel shoe injuries.
What is Gout?
Gout in its simplest definition is a common arthritic inflammation of a joint. Gout can be a very painful condition that usually begins or is noticed in the joints of the big toe first but can affect other joints as well. With gout, the joint inflammation is due to deposits of crystallized uric acid building up within the tissues of the joint. The affected joint can become extremely tender and swollen.
What are bunions?
Bunions or ‘hallux abducto valgus is an unnatural bony protrusion at the base of the big toe that can cause a deformity in the joint. As the bunions develops it can cause a misalignment in the joint of the big toe, at its base where it connects to the foot. This usually will cause the big toe to deviate to the lateral side of the foot toward the other toes. Bunions may cause pain, redness and swelling in the affected joint.